Clock Club

A collection of materials for students and practitioners of interactive design who want to make timepieces.

Projects in this Repository
Software and Hardware Tools
Parts and Suppliers

View the Project on GitHub ITPNYU/clock-club

A Bibliography of Time and Clock-Related Reading


Aveni, A. F. (2003). Empires of time: Calendars, clocks and cultures. Niwot, CO: University Press of Colorado.

Brand, S. (2008). Clock of the Long Now: Time and Responsibility: The Ideas Behind the Worlds Slowest Computer: Time and Responsibility: The Ideas Behind the Worlds Slowest Computer. Basic Books. A series of essays on very long-term thinking.

Cipolla, C. M. (2003). Clocks and culture, 1300-1700. United States: W W NORTON & CO (NY).

Galison, P. (2004). Einstein’s Clocks and Poincare’s Maps. New York: W. W. Norton & Co.

Gazeley, W. J. (1953). Watch and clock making and repairing. Robert Hale. A mid-20th century guide to watchmaking.

Griffiths, J. (2004). A sideways look at time. New York: Penguin.

Johnson, S. (2015). How we got to now: Six innovations that made the modern world. New York: VIKING, Published by Penguin Group.

King, H. C., & Millburn, J. R. (1978). Geared to the stars; the evolution of planetariums, orreries, and astronomical clocks. Buffalo: University of Buffalo Press. A hard-to-find, thorough accounting of the history of western astronomical mechanisms.

Levine, R. (2012). A Geography of Time: The Temporal Misadventures of a Social Psychologist, or How every Culture Keeps Time Just a Little Bit Differently. Oxford: Oneworld. An anthropological exploration of different cultures’ attitudes to time and time management.

Riskin, J. (2016). The Restless Clock: A History of the Centuries-Long Argument Over What Makes Living Things Tick. Chicago: University of Chicago Press

Sobel, D. (2014). Longitude. London: Fourth Estate. A popular history of the development of portable timepieces and their relation to the practice of navigation.

Journalistic Articles & Blog Posts

From Sundials to Atomic Clocks is a government publication with a lot of interesting information on the history of timekeeping.

A History of Braun part 2: Timepieces Article on Dieter Rams’ clock designs for Braun.

Why Procrastinators Procrastinate 2013, Tim Urban, Accessed Jun 209 2019. The title says it all. has a section of articles on time.

Electrical fluctuations from virus fast forward Hawaii time Associated Press, Jun 5 2020. NEws story on why demand on Hawaii’s electrical grid during the COVID-19 quarantine is affecting the speed of clocks in the state.

Writer, Ben Turner-Staff. “More Accurate Clocks May Add More Disorder to the Universe, Scientists Say.” Accessed June 10, 2021.

University, Lancaster. “Clock Experiment Shows a Fundamental Connection Between Energy Consumption and Accuracy.” SciTechDaily (blog), May 11, 2021.

Pearson, A. N., Y. Guryanova, P. Erker, E. A. Laird, G. A. D. Briggs, M. Huber, and N. Ares. “Measuring the Thermodynamic Cost of Timekeeping.” Physical Review X 11, no. 2 (May 6, 2021): 021029.

Kabil, Ahmed. “How Long Is Now?” Medium, May 21, 2021. Biographical article on the works of Long Now Foundation fellow Alicia Eggert.

February 01, Jon Bues and 2021. “Culture Of Time: New York’s Newest Public Clock Is A Triumph.” HODINKEE. Accessed April 14, 2021.

“[Equation Of Time: What Is It And What’s The Attraction In A Watch? – Quill & Pad.](” Accessed April 14, 2021.

Scholarly Articles

Lindley, S. (2015). Making Time. In Proceedings of the 18th ACM Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work & Social Computing (CSCW ‘15). ACM, New York, NY, USA, 1442-1452.

Martin, R., Holtzman, H. (2011). Kairoscope: managing time perception and scheduling through social event coordination. In Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI ‘11). ACM, New York, NY, USA, 1969-1978.

Mazmanian, M., Erickson, I., and Harmon, E. (2015). Circumscribed Time and Porous Time: Logics as a Way of Studying Temporality. In Proceedings of the 18th ACM Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work & Social Computing (CSCW ‘15). ACM, New York, NY, USA, 1453-1464.

Taylor, J. L., Soro, A., Roe, P., Hong, A. L., Brereton, M. (2017). Situational When: Designing for Time Across Cultures. In Proceedings of the 2017 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI ‘17). ACM, New York, NY, USA, 6461-6474.

On Gravimeters

“Gravimetry.” In Wikipedia, April 6, 2021.

Middlemiss, R. P., A. Samarelli, D. J. Paul, J. Hough, S. Rowan, and G. D. Hammond. “[Measurement of the Earth Tides with a MEMS Gravimeter.](” Nature 531, no. 7596 (March 2016): 614–17.

Tang, Shihao, Huafeng Liu, Shitao Yan, Xiaochao Xu, Wenjie Wu, Ji Fan, Jinquan Liu, Chenyuan Hu, and Liangcheng Tu. “A High-Sensitivity MEMS Gravimeter with a Large Dynamic Range.” Microsystems & Nanoengineering 5, no. 1 (October 7, 2019): 1–11. Notes on a MEMS gravimeter

Videos and Interactive Demos

ClickSpring is a YouTube channel that’s all about handmade mechanics, specifically clocks. In this series, they are reconstructing the Antikythera Mechanism, a mechanical computer built in ancient Greece.

Armillary Sphere An animation for the Museum of the History of Science Oxford explaining armillary spheres.

Astrolabe Tom Wujec explains astrolabes.

Paper Astrolabes An exhibit of paper astrolabes from the 1500’s, with instructions on building them.


Accutron patent, one of several, that shows the electromagnetically driven tuning fork timing mechanism. This page has a list of several more Accutron documents.

Tom Shannon patent for a synchronous world clock with Fuller-Sadao map. “A synchronous world clock which allows a user to determine the exact time at any location on earth is disclosed”

Clock-Making Instructions

Clock instructable detailing several more word clocks, including C3Jr mentioned in the first ITP Camp Clock Club session.